Learning the Inner Workings of an Electric Skateboard

More and more people are riding around on electric skateboards. A wide variety of people ride electric skateboards for various reasons, including transportation, exploration, and pure recreation. Personally, I’m a huge fan of electric skateboards. It’s hard to put into words how much enjoyment they provide. What, precisely, is an electric skateboard? What makes them tick?

electric skateboard

Unlike traditional skateboards, electric skateboards are propelled by an electric motor. Typically, you use a handheld remote to operate the throttle, as well as the speed and braking. The electric skateboard battery is concealed beneath the board. Motors are either mounted below the deck or housed within the wheels. Riders turn by leaning to one side or the other (weight shift to heels or toes). The purpose of the electric skateboard is to facilitate local travel and commuting. In general, they can go at speeds of between 10 and 30 mph (15 and 50 km/h) and weigh roughly 22 pounds (10 kg). Extents might be anywhere between 10 and 31 miles (16-50km).


The inner workings of an electric skateboard

Small motorbikes, or anything else that can go at these speeds, might cause serious injuries in a collision. Since this is the case, electric skateboards should be treated with the seriousness they merit. Understanding the inner workings of an electric skateboard is crucial for your own safety while using one. In the 1970s, the first motorised (gasoline-powered) skateboards hit the market, which may come as a surprise to you. Modern motorised skateboards are powered by electricity and have a more streamlined, fashionable design. Surprisingly, until you picked them up and looked underneath, where you could see the battery and electric motor, they looked like a regular skateboard.

First and foremost, a remote control is a standard feature on any electric skateboard. Your board’s Electronic Speed Controller (ESC) will receive the signal from your remote control to open the throttle when you pull the trigger. To speed up, we can use the controller’s acceleration feature, which causes the electronic speed controller (ESC) to analyse data from the Bluetooth receiver and send a proportionate amount of power from the battery to the motor. Finally, the end! Your electric skateboard will move forward thanks to the motor that receives power from the battery.


Just what is it that makes up an electric skateboard?

E-boards, e-skateboards, and Esk8s are different names for the same type of skateboard, which is propelled by an electric motor. Independent acceleration and braking are features unique to electric skateboards.

Similarities between a traditional skateboard and an electric skateboard are numerous (long and more stable skateboard). The primary distinction is in the dynamics of getting going and stopping. There is no need to use your feet as a propellant on an electric skateboard. To save your muscles, let the electric motor handle the work. Passengers can relax and enjoy the trips by standing firmly on the board, which is propelled by an electric motor. E-boards also feature brakes for added safety. To stop moving, your foot isn’t necessary. By just depressing the button on the remote, the electric skateboard automatically slows down.

Learning the inner workings of a skateboard can aid riders of all skill levels in making necessary adjustments and performing routine maintenance. Even if you already have an electric skateboard, you may find the information in this article to be helpful.

There are three distinct types of parts that can be identified.

Components of an Electric Skateboard at its most fundamental level

  • The Mechanical Parts

  • Involving electronic parts


Deck of Primitive Parts of Electric Skateboards

Your electric skateboard deck will take up the bulk of your board. It’s the surface upon which you stand when you ride. Traditional boat decks are constructed from wood. Three to twelve plies of hardwood (such maple wood) are laminated together and pressed into a concave form to create the standard board used in the industry. When it comes to strength and rigidity, some deck manufacturers opt for a layer (or ply) of fibreglass or carbon. Companies and do-it-yourself deck builders alike will sometimes use fibreglass or carbon fibre for the entirety of the deck. The weight, strength, and longevity of a ship can all be improved if the deck is made of fibreglass or carbon. Although I think wood works just great, too. Manufacturers frequently print or paint a pattern on the deck’s underside.


The trucks are the metal parts that serve as the centre of your eboard. Moving your body weight from the deck to the wheels and bearings. They also provide something crucial: The ability to turn corners is a great feature of trucks.
The hanger, bushings, baseplate, kingpin, and axle are all parts of a truck. In many ways, the truck is the single most important component of your skateboard.



You can’t use your electric skateboard because it doesn’t have wheels. It is the wheels that bear the brunt of the trucks’ loads as they roll down the street. Skateboard wheels are commonly made of polyurethane and can be found in a wide variety of sizes, shapes, and colours to accommodate a wide variety of skating and boarding styles. In comparison to smaller wheels, those with a larger diameter (50-90 mm) can roll more quickly, accelerate less quickly, and more readily navigate pavement cracks. The smaller the diameter of the board (between 40 and 54 mm), the lower the centre of gravity, the less force is needed to accelerate, and the slower the board will go.


Bearing balls

There are two bearings per wheel that hold it onto its axle. These are often fabricated from steel but have also been known to be produced from silicon nitride, a specialised ceramic. Bearings are the real saviours here. We couldn’t drive down the streets without them. They’re an essential and vulnerable component of our board.

Bearing maintenance is essential. Maintenance entails doing things like wiping things down and oiling them on a regular basis. Unmaintained bearings function worse, wear out faster, and need to be changed more frequently. Kits for preserving and cleaning bearings are widely available.


The adhesive side of griptape is backed by a rough surface that resembles fine sandpaper. There wouldn’t be enough friction between your feet and the deck if you didn’t have grip tape. Grip tape is attached to the top of a board so that the rider can maintain control while speeding up, slowing down, turning, and performing other tricks. Typically, grip tape is black, but different colours are available. You can also make the grip area of your deck see-through. You may simply spray some adhesive onto the deck and fix the sand with it. This is a lucid spray, thus the name fits.

The Mechanical Parts

An electric longboard’s motor is a crucial component. It’s a key component in electric skateboarding’s many desirable qualities. The two most common kinds of motors are:


Drive system for the wheel hub

The wheel-mounted hub motor is housed within the wheel itself. The noise level is significantly lower than that of a belt-driven motor. In addition, it gives off an air of extreme stealth. Using the hub motor may be the safer option if you plan on taking your electric skateboard somewhere where it is not permitted. However, it is not without its drawbacks. Its position puts it in danger of being hit by flying objects.
In addition, the wheel’s hub motor is protected by a cage. Everybody knows that motors generate a lot of unwanted heat. The motor’s design isn’t great in terms of how it handles heat. The engine is airtight. The perforations in the motor’s housing allow air to flow through and assist keep the motor cool. However, because of these pockmarks, the motor as a whole is not particularly waterproof. When driving on wet surfaces, caution is warranted and puddles should be avoided at all costs.


Driven by a belt motor

When it comes to motors for electric skateboards, the belt motor is the tried-and-true standard. The mechanism consists of an electric motor that turns a motor pulley. Through the use of a belt, the motor pulley is able to transfer power to the wheel pulley. The design is analogous to that of a bicycle or motorised bicycle in terms of the type of drive it employs. The motor will not overheat thanks to the increased airflow provided by this design. The motor’s case is completely sealed, making it far more watertight than the hub motor.


Involving electronic parts

Electric skateboard diagram


An electric skateboard’s battery is its source of power. The energy it generates is what drives the motor. For an electric skateboard, the battery is the heaviest part. As the battery capacity increases, so does the travel time. They have a wide range of forms, compositions, and variations. Lithium-ion batteries are the standard power source for electric skateboards. Battery information is available in a separate guide I developed.


Automatic Velocity Regulator (ESC)

The ESC serves as the electric skateboard’s control centre. It regulates the amount of juice sent from the battery to the motor. It features a computer for processing data and is linked to the battery, motor, and Bluetooth receiver. When we give the controller the signal to speed up, the ESC reads the data from the Bluetooth receiver and draws the appropriate amount of power from the battery to the motor.


Indicator Lamp

To speed up or slow down, simply press the appropriate button on the remote. In the world of remote controls, you may find a wide variety of models. Some remote-controlled vehicles require you to slide a button forward with your thumb to accelerate and back with your thumb to slow down. On others, the accelerator is activated by pressing a button, and the brakes are disengaged by removing the finger from the trigger. You can adjust the pace on some by sliding a wheel in front of or behind you.


Communicator and receiver in Bluetooth technology

There has been a significant improvement to the efficiency of electric skateboards since the advent of Bluetooth eliminated the need for wires to transmit signals. Today, we don’t have to worry too much about cables because we can grasp the remote control in one hand. A Bluetooth transmitter is included inside the controller and communicates with a Bluetooth receiver. The electric skateboard and the Remote control can now communicate wirelessly.


Other elements used in an Electric Skateboard



You need to be visible to motorists, bicyclists, motorcyclists, and pedestrians regardless of the time of day. For nighttime riding, you can equip your board with white front LED lights and red rear LED lights. You can find my in-depth essay on electric skateboard lighting, for which I done a lot of research, here.


Wearing a protective device for one’s nose

You may safeguard your nose and tail from harm by purchasing a nose guard and a tail guard, respectively. They often include a plastic construction. They come in a variety of forms and hues.


An additional battery

The battery pack can be removed from some models of electric skateboards. Because of this, you can ride until the battery is completely dead and then just replace it with a new, fully charged one. Most boards only have room for one battery. A spare battery is useful if you don’t have access to regular charging for your board. For longer rides or while travelling a great distance, more power may be required.


Mudguards For Wheels

If you plan on using your electric skateboard in the rain, you need equip it with mudguards for the wheels. Mud and tyre protectors will keep your footwear and clothing clean and dry during a ride in the rain.


Some Closing Remarks

Unlike traditional forms of transportation, the electric skateboard does not produce any harmful emissions. Electric skateboard prices have decreased as a result of increased production, more affordable alternatives, and increased competition. Each year sees a rise in demand for them.

I think you should now have a good grasp of how electric skateboards function. I’m hoping that this piece on my blog has shed some light on the inner workings of online message boards. Please let me know if you have any comments or recommendations. That would be tremendously helpful.